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J Biol Chem. 1993 Nov 5;268(31):23072-80.

Differences in the regulation of protein synthesis, cyclin B accumulation, and cellular growth in response to the inhibition of DNA synthesis in Chinese hamster ovary and HeLa S3 cells.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, California 94305.

Abstract

We have shown previously that there are significant differences between mammalian cell lines in response to disruption of the assembly of the mitotic spindle apparatus (Kung, A. L., Sherwood, S. W., and Schimke, R. T. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 87, 9553-9557). In this paper we report that there are also significant differences between mammalian cell lines in response to the inhibition of DNA synthesis. In HeLa S3 cells protein synthesis is down-regulated, and cellular growth is arrested in response to the inhibition of DNA synthesis. Upon release from inhibition and resumption of normal growth, cellular viability is maintained near untreated control levels. In contrast, Chinese hamster ovary cells continue to accumulate protein and continue to undergo cellular growth during the period of DNA synthesis inhibition. Cyclin B levels accumulate throughout the period of inhibition and rapidly exceed normal levels at mitosis. The degree of aberrant growth during the period of transient DNA synthesis inhibition is directly related to the degree of subsequent cytotoxicity. If protein accumulation and cellular growth are limited with partially inhibitory levels of cycloheximide during the period of DNA synthesis inhibition, the cytotoxic effects are abolished. These results support the concept that aberrant growth and accumulation of proteins during a transient period of DNA synthesis inhibition are primary determinants of subsequent cell killing.

PMID:
8226824
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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