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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1993 Sep;59(9):3117-9.

Development of a random amplification of polymorphic DNA typing method for Listeria monocytogenes.

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  • 1Department of Food Science (Food Microbiology), Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.


The 10-mer primer OPM-01 (5'-GTT GGT GGC T-3') was used to generate random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) profiles by polymerase chain reaction for 91 strains of Listeria monocytogenes from raw milk, food, and veterinary, medical, and food-environmental sources. The profiles obtained contained 1 to 10 bands within the molecular size range of 0.5 to 5.0 kbp. Reproducibility was enhanced by annealing at low stringency and introducing a 1-min ramp time between annealing and extension temperatures. Thirty-three RAPD profiles were observed, with specific profiles being observed for strains from each source. RAPD profiles allowed discrimination within serogroups, although five RAPD profiles which were not confined to one serotype were found. Within food strains, one RAPD profile was more common than others, suggesting this to be a common type among strains from this source.

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