Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jun 7;91(12):5695-9.

Effective amplification of long targets from cloned inserts and human genomic DNA.

Author information

  • 1Department of Human Genetics, Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., Alameda, CA 94501.

Abstract

We have used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify up to 22 kb of the beta-globin gene cluster from human genomic DNA and up to 42 kb from phaga lambda DNA. We have also amplified 91 human genomic inserts of 9-23 kb directly from recombinant lambda plaques. To do this, we increased pH, added glycerol and dimethyl sulfoxide, decreased denaturation times, increased extension times, and used a secondary thermostable DNA polymerase that possesses a 3'-to 5'-exonuclease, or "proofreading," activity. Our "long PCR" protocols maintain the specificity required for targets in genomic DNA by using lower levels of polymerase and temperature and salt conditions for specific primer annealing. The ability to amplify DNA sequences of 10-40 kb will bring the speed and simplicity of PCR to genomic mapping and sequencing and facilitate studies in molecular genetics.

PMID:
8202550
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC44063
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk