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J Soc Psychol. 1994 Apr;134(2):223-8.

Psychological reactance: effects of age and gender.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Western Sydney, Macathur, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.


A self-report, attitudinal questionnaire was administered to 1,717 adult Australians between 18 and 40 years old to examine the effects of age and gender on psychological reactance. Analysis yielded a significant age effect: As age increased, the level of reactance tended to decrease. No significant differences in reactance emerged in relation to gender. A significant interaction between age and gender was found.

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