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Eur Urol. 1994;25(3):254-8.

Evidence for eosinophil activation in eosinophilic cystitis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology C, Hôpital Calmette, CHU Lille, France.


Eosinophilic cystitis (EC) is a rare condition. Recent studies have shown that activated eosinophils release cytotoxic cationic proteins which can induce tissue damage. Moreover, in vitro studies have shown that interleukin-5 (IL-5) is a cytokine able to attract and activate eosinophils. The goal of this study was to detect a possible activation of eosinophils in EC using electron microscopy, in situ hybridization with an IL-5 RNA probe and immunochemistry with a specific anti-IL-5 antibody. Using these combined methods in a typical case of EC, we found numerous activated eosinophils synthesizing and secreting IL-5 protein. IL-5 could enhance the activation of eosinophils and their cytotoxic potential in bladder tissues. This mechanism might explain the chronicity of the lesions in EC.

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