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J Infect Dis. 1994 Jun;169(6):1346-50.

Alternating nevirapine and zidovudine treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected persons does not prolong nevirapine activity.

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  • 1Department of Virology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

The potential use of an alternating treatment strategy with nevirapine and zidovudine in prolonging the antiretroviral effects of nevirapine was evaluated. Ten human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected p24 antigen-positive persons who had not received prior antiretroviral therapy were treated for 9-13 weeks with an alternating regimen of 1 week of nevirapine (200 mg/day) and 3 weeks of zidovudine (600 mg/day). Serum p24 antigen levels declined during the first week of nevirapine treatment (median, 59%); however, subsequent courses of nevirapine were characterized by rising p24 antigen levels, while antigen levels remained stable or declined during zidovudine treatment. Serum beta 2-microglobulin levels and CD4+ cell counts exhibited similar responses. HIV-1 isolates obtained from 2 patients revealed 40- and 1000-fold reductions in nevirapine sensitivity after 8 weeks. These findings demonstrate that alternating treatment with zidovudine and nevirapine does not prolong the effectiveness of nevirapine and does not prevent the development of nevirapine resistance.

PMID:
8195615
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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