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J Bacteriol. 1994 Jun;176(11):3231-41.

Chromosomal alterations of Candida albicans are associated with the gain and loss of assimilating functions.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14642.


We have demonstrated that a normal laboratory strain of Candida albicans spontaneously produces mutants which acquire the ability to assimilate certain carbon sources that are not utilized by the parental strain. The examination of mutants acquiring the ability to utilize either sorbose or D-arabinose revealed a few additional phenotypic changes, including the gain and loss of the capacity to assimilate other carbon sources. The change of assimilation patterns resembled the polymorphic variation of assimilation patterns found among different wild-type strains of C. albicans. Most importantly, these sorbose- and D-arabinose-positive mutants were associated with chromosomal rearrangements, with each class of positive mutants having alterations of specific chromosomes. These findings demonstrated for the first time that chromosomal alterations in C. albicans are involved in genetic variation of fundamental functions of this asexual microorganism.

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