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Reprod Fertil Dev. 1993;5(5):531-43.

Determination of porcine endometrial phospholipase A2 activity and detection of immunoreactive cyclooxygenase during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy.

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  • 1Animal Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.


Experiments examined the characteristics and activity of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and examined the presence of immunoreactive cyclooxygenase in endometrium of pigs during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy. Endometrial PLA2 was calcium-independent and activity of the enzyme was greatest at a pH of 8.0. Activity of PLA2 on Days 10, 12, 14 and 16 of the oestrous cycle did not differ (P > 0.1) from activity on those days during pregnancy. During oestrus and early metoestrus (Days 0-3), cyclooxygenase was present in both glandular and surface epithelium. After Day 10 of the oestrous cycle or pregnancy, staining for cyclooxygenase was less intense in the lower and middle uterine glands. However, the upper glandular epithelium near the surface epithelium stained intensely. By Day 15 of the oestrous cycle or pregnancy, intense staining for cyclooxygenase appeared restricted to the upper uterine glands. These results indicate changes in localization of immunoreactive cyclooxygenase throughout the oestrous cycle and suggest that these are not related to altered secretion of prostaglandins (PGs) during early pregnancy. The stimulatory effects of porcine conceptus products on secretion of PGs during early pregnancy are apparently not associated with increased activity of endometrial PLA2.

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