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J Trauma. 1994 May;36(5):695-702.

Cognitive and attitudinal impact of the Advanced Trauma Life Support program in a developing country.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

Improvement in trauma patient outcome has been reported after Advanced Training Life Support training (ATLS) in the developing country of Trinidad and Tobago (T & T). The cognitive impact of ATLS training was assessed from pre-ATLS and post-ATLS performance of T & T physicians in multiple choice question tests and comparison with post-ATLS test performance among Nebraska physicians. Overall, improvement between the pre-test and post-test among the T & T physicians was 22.0% +/- 2.0%. All physicians including failures (199 out of 212 passed) improved in their post-test scores. Individual item analysis of the post-test, including the KR-20 determination, varied but the overall performance was similar for both physician groups with the T & T physicians performing slightly better in test 2 (6 of 16 vs. 25 of 100 failures, p < 0.05). Attitudinal impact was assessed through 87 questionnaires from 50 physicians (92% response) and 37 nurses (89% response). Physicians (97.8% compared with 69.7%) were more aware of the ATLS training, and both groups (physicians, 77.3%; nurses, 69.6%) differentiated ATLS-trained physicians based on better resuscitation, more timely and appropriate consultation, greater confidence in trauma management, and improvement in trauma mortality and morbidity; all respondents recommended ATLS training for all emergency room physicians. The demonstrated positive cognitive and attitudinal effects very likely contributed to the improved post-ATLS trauma patient outcome.

PMID:
8189473
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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