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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 May 13;1212(2):152-66.

Synthesis and secretion of hepatic apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins.

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  • 1Lipid and Lipoprotein Research Group, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.


Human apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 is required for the synthesis and secretion of hepatic triacyglycerol-rich lipoproteins. This review summarizes recent developments in understanding the interaction of cis-acting DNA sequences and trans-acting protein factors in regulation of apo B gene expression and apo B mRNA editing, and the role of structural determinants of apo B-100 in the assembly and secretion of hepatic lipoproteins. In particular, experimental results obtained from cell culture studies using techniques of molecular and cellular biology are described and discussed. The relationship between apo B length and its ability to recruit lipids is presented, and the involvement of factors other than apo B in hepatic triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein production is discussed.

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