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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Apr;75(4):415-26.

Early and intensive physiotherapy accelerates recovery postarthroscopic meniscectomy: results of a randomized controlled study.

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  • 1Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Qu├ębec, Canada.

Abstract

The efficacy of an early, intensive, supervised rehabilitation program to accelerate knee strength recovery in the first 3 weeks postmeniscectomy by arthroscopy was evaluated using a randomized controlled trial design. The maximal voluntary isokinetic strength of 31 men, randomly allocated to either a treatment (EXP) or a control (CTL) group, was measured twice by a blind rater: preoperatively (pretest) and 3 weeks postsurgery (posttest), using a computer-controlled Kin-Com dynamometer (Chattecx Corporation, Chattanooga, TN). Strength deficits of the operated leg at the pretest and posttest were established in percent of the values obtained for the sound leg at the pretest. In the interval between the surgery and the posttest, the patients of the EXP group (n = 15) received nine supervised treatments combined to home exercises whereas patients of the control group (n = 16) had no specific physiotherapy treatment but were given instructions in postsurgical management and prescribed exercises by the orthopedic surgeons. Patients of the EXP group had better knee extensor strength recovery than patients of the CTL group (ANCOVA, p < 0.001). The size of the strength difference (3 weeks postsurgery) between EXP and CTL subgroups (n = 8) matched according to preoperative deficits was as large as 26% and the residual deficits of the untreated patients were two to three times larger than those of the treated patients. The results of this study highlight the importance of instituting an early intensive and supervised rehabilitation program, especially for workers returning to a strenuous job requiring good knee extensor muscle function.

PMID:
8172501
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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