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Seizure. 1993 Dec;2(4):277-80.

Pregnancy, epilepsy, management and outcome: a 10-year perspective.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, UK.


We analysed the management and outcome of 348 pregnancies in 207 women with epilepsy from 1977 to 1981 and 1987 to 1991. Outcome was successful in 88%. There was a marked change in anticonvulsant prescribing away from phenobarbitone and phenytoin towards carbamazepine and sodium valproate but a large number of patients (24%) were treated with two or more anticonvulsants in the second cohort despite a move towards monotherapy. A significant reduction in congenital malformation (4.8%), spontaneous abortion (6.9%) or low birth weight babies (9.4%) was not seen. Until experience is gained with the newer agents, monotherapy remains of major importance in the management of the pregnant woman with epilepsy.

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