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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Jan;3(1):29-34.

Mutations in the connexin 32 gene in X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1)

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Aberdeen, Medical School, UK.

Erratum in

  • Hum Mol Genet 1994 Jun;3(6):1034.


X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1) is a peripheral neuropathy which maps to Xq13 and is flanked by the loci DXS106 (Xq11.2-q12) and DXS559 (Xq13.1). Contained within this interval of approximately 2-3Mb of DNA is the gene, connexin 32 (locus designation GJ beta 1). This gene encodes a gap junction protein which is expressed in large quantities within the liver and throughout a range of other mammalian tissues. We have sequenced the coding region of exon 2 of this gene from affected individuals in nine families with CMTX 1 and have found mutations which segregate with the disease in eight of these families. The mutations detected include missense point mutations at codons 15, 60, 63, 208, and 215, a nonsense point mutation at codon 220, deletions of one base in codon 72/3 producing a stop codon 12 codons down stream and a three base pair deletion which can be predicted to result in the loss of a single amino acid. These findings are consistent with the disease CMTX1 being the result of mutations affecting the gene connexin 32 (Cx32).

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