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Biochem J. 1994 Mar 15;298 Pt 3:719-25.

Periplasmic expression of human interferon-alpha 2c in Escherichia coli results in a correctly folded molecule.

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  • 1Ernst-Boehringer Institut für Arzneimittelforschung, Bender & Co., Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Human interferon-alpha 2c (IFN-alpha 2c) was produced in Escherichia coli under the control of the alkaline phosphatase promoter using a periplasmic expression system. Compared with other leader sequences, the heat-stable enterotoxin II leader of E. coli (STII) resulted in the highest rate of correct processing as judged by Western-blot analysis. The fermentation was designed as a batch-fed process in order to obtain a high yield of biomass. The processing rate of IFN-alpha 2c could be increased from 25% to more than 50% by shifting the fermentation pH from 7.0 to 6.7. IFN-alpha 2c extracted from the periplasm was purified by a new four-step chromatographic procedure. Whereas cytoplasmically produced IFN-alpha 2c does not have its full native structure, IFN-alpha 2c extracted from the periplasm was found to be correctly folded, as shown by c.d. spectroscopy. Peptide-map analysis in combination with m.s. revealed the correct formation of disulphide bridges. N-terminal sequence analysis showed complete removal of the leader sequence, creating the authentic N-terminus starting with cysteine.

PMID:
8141788
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1137919
Free PMC Article
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