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Thromb Res. 1993 Sep 15;71(6):443-56.

Collagen-platelet interaction: separate receptor sites for types I and III collagen.

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  • 1Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104.


We have isolated a platelet membrane protein of M(r) 47 kDa which is responsible for the interaction of platelets with type III collagen. The 47 kDa protein was purified to apparent homogeneity by type III collagen-Sepharose 2B column chromatography and preparative slab gel electrophoreses. The 47 kDa protein blocked the adhesion of platelets to type III but not to type I collagen. Polyclonal antibodies were obtained from rabbits immunized with the purified 47 kDa protein emulsified in complete Freund's adjuvant. The polyclonal antibodies inhibited the type III collagen but not type I collagen-induced platelet aggregation. The inhibitory effect of the antibodies on type III collagen-induced platelet aggregation was dose-dependent. Cross-inhibition on platelet aggregation studies showed that type I collagen receptor antibodies (M(r) 65 kDa) did not inhibit type III collagen-induced platelet aggregation and type III collagen receptor antibodies did not inhibit type I collagen induced platelet aggregation. These results suggest that type I and type III collagens interact with platelets at separate sites.

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