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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Mar 15;91(6):2076-80.

Convection-enhanced delivery of macromolecules in the brain.

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  • 1Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

For many compounds (neurotrophic factors, antibodies, growth factors, genetic vectors, enzymes) slow diffusion in the brain severely limits drug distribution and effect after direct drug administration into brain parenchyma. We investigated convection as a means to enhance the distribution of the large and small molecules 111In-labeled transferrin (111In-Tf; M(r), 80,000) and [14C]sucrose (M(r), 359) over centimeter distances by maintaining a pressure gradient during interstitial infusion into white matter to generate bulk flow through the brain interstitium. The volume of distribution (Vd) containing > or = 1% concentration of infusion solution increased linearly with the infusion volume (Vi) for 111In-Tf(Vd/Vi, 6:1) and [14C]sucrose (Vd/Vi, 13:1). Twenty-four hours after infusion, the distribution of 111In-Tf was increased and more homogeneous, and penetration into gray matter had occurred. By using convection to supplement simple diffusion, enhanced distribution of large and small molecules can be obtained in the brain while achieving drug concentrations orders of magnitude greater than systemic levels.

PMID:
8134351
PMCID:
PMC43312
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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