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J Immunol. 1994 Mar 1;152(5):2569-76.

Predominant TCR-alpha beta variable and joining gene expression by muscle-infiltrating lymphocytes in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a heterogeneous group of diseases in which autoreactive T cells are thought to play a pathogenetic role. We have determined the pattern of TCR-alpha beta gene expression by muscle-infiltrating lymphocytes within clinically and serologically defined groups of IIM patients. We utilized the PCR to study TCR V gene expression in muscle biopsies from nine polymyositis (PM) and eight dermatomyositis (DM) patients, all of whom had autoantibodies directed against histidyl-transfer RNA synthetase (anti-Jo-1 autoantibodies). While the TCR repertoire in DM patients was generally polyclonal, an oligoclonal profile characterized PM patients. Certain V gene families were predominantly expressed; V alpha 1 and V beta 6 gene families were detected in 82 and 91% of PM biopsies, respectively. TCR expression was characterized further by analyzing J gene usage from four PM patients expressing the V beta 6 gene. Sequence analysis of 40 independent recombinants (10 per patient) identified only seven V beta 6 clonotypes and restricted usage of the related J beta 2.1, -2.3, and -2.7 genes. These data, describing predominant TCR V and J gene usage by muscle-infiltrating lymphocytes in myositis patients, suggest that Ag-driven T cell responses may play a primary role in mediating some forms of the IIM.

PMID:
8133064
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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