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Arthritis Rheum. 1994 Mar;37(3):395-405.

Transforming growth factor beta 1 regulates tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 expression in differentiated human articular chondrocytes.

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  • 1Institut für Biochemie, Rheinisch-Westfälischen Technischen Hochschule (RWTH), Aachen, Germany.



To investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) in the regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) synthesis in human articular chondrocytes.


Articular cartilage was obtained from human knee joints 24 hours after death. Chondrocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion and embedded in low-gelling-temperature agarose. After stimulation by cytokines, total RNA was isolated and analyzed by Northern blotting. TIMP-1 protein levels were determined using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.


Human chondrocytes in agarose culture expressed messenger RNA (mRNA) for the IL-6 receptor (gp80) and its signal-transducing subunit gp130. In contrast to the findings in a previous study, IL-6 did not stimulate TIMP-1 expression in these cells, whereas TGF beta 1 was an important inducer of TIMP-1 mRNA and protein synthesis.


Our findings suggest that TGF beta 1 has a protective effect on the extracellular matrix of human articular chondrocytes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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