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J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Jan;32(1):232-4.

Prevalence of hepatitis C virus genotypes in Italy.

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  • 1Department of Biomedicine, University of Pisa, Italy.


Hepatitis C viruses (HCV) present in 110 Italian patients were characterized by genotype-specific PCRs. Among the 65 cases of community-acquired hepatitis, HCV genotype II was dominant (60%), followed by genotypes IV (15%), III (11%), and I (3%). Among the 45 hemophilia-associated cases, the distribution of the four HCV genotypes was markedly different: genotype I was the most prevalent (61%), followed by genotypes II (25%), III (4%), and IV (2%). Double infections were observed in eight patients. Two HCV remained unclassified. For the 45 community-acquired cases from which a liver biopsy was available, genotype II was associated with more severe liver damage than the other types.

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