Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Neurol. 1994 Mar;35(3):362-5.

Elevated basic fibroblast growth factor in the serum of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory for Surgical Research, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.


The mechanism whereby dystrophin deficiency leads to excessive fibrosis and muscle degeneration is not known. The absence of dystrophin in skeletal muscle is associated with reduced plasma membrane stability as evidenced by elevated serum levels of the cytoplasmic enzyme creatine kinase. Basic fibroblast growth factor, a cytoplasmic polypeptide growth regulator that stimulates connective tissue synthesis, induces satellite cell proliferation, and suppresses myogenic differentiation, is made by skeletal muscle. We hypothesize that dystrophin deficiency leads to the constant release of basic fibroblast growth factor, which in turn contributes to fibrosis and muscle weakness by stimulating connective tissue and suppressing skeletal muscle differentiation. As an initial step in testing this hypothesis, we measured basic fibroblast growth factor in the serum of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. We found that whereas basic fibroblast growth factor was undetectable in the serum of normal individuals (n = 200), levels were elevated in 11 of 18 patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk