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Mt Sinai J Med. 1993 Nov;60(6):560-4.

Nursing staff attitudes on the use of physical restraints in a teaching nursing home.

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  • 1Department of Sociology, University of Akron-Wayne College, Orville, OH 44667.


This study supports the importance of assessing the intrinsic and extrinsic attitudes and perceptions of staff on physical restraints. Any program developed to remove physical restraints in nursing homes should focus on safety issues and behavioral interventions that prevent injury to staff and resident. Environmental adaptations that would enhance residents' safety, such as alarms and wedge cushions, would be useful in a restraint reduction program. Educating staff about the risks of physical restraints and about safe alternative interventions might change their attitudes. By developing an educational program that focuses on a few residents at a time and by involving a multidisciplinary team, a truly individualized approach to restraint-free care for residents might be developed.

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