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J Biol Chem. 1994 Feb 25;269(8):5842-8.

Correlation between high temperature dependence of smooth muscle myosin light chain phosphatase activity and muscle relaxation rate.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.


Q10 values of the protein phosphatases that can dephosphorylate the regulatory light chain of smooth muscle myosin were determined. Six phosphatases were examined, i.e. skeletal muscle protein phosphatase 1c; protein phosphatase 2Ac; smooth muscle phosphatases (SMP) I, II, and IV; and myosin-associated protein phosphatase (MAP phosphatase). Among them, SMP-IV and MAP phosphatase, which can dephosphorylate intact smooth muscle myosin, showed extremely high Q10 values (5.3 and 5.2, respectively). On the other hand, the Q10 values of other tested phosphatases were within the range of the normal enzyme reaction (Q10 = 2.0). The rate of dephosphorylation of the myosin light chain in alpha-toxin-skinned strips was measured at different temperatures. The results provided a Q10 of 5.1, which was quite similar to those values obtained for SMP-IV and MAP phosphatase. These results suggest that the physiological myosin light chain phosphatases are SMP-IV and/or MAP phosphatase, i.e. type 1 protein phosphatases. The temperature dependence of maximum force, the steady-state extent of myosin light chain phosphorylation, and the relaxation rate of alpha-toxin-permeabilized rabbit portal vein smooth muscle strips were measured. Both maximum force and the extent of myosin light chain phosphorylation were significantly higher at lower temperature (15 degrees C) than at higher temperature (25 degrees C) under all pCa conditions tested, i.e. > 8, 6.3, and 5. The temperature dependence of the relaxation rate was much steeper (decreased 4 times by lowering the temperature from 25 to 15 degrees C) than that of the initial rate of increase in force development (decreased 1.4 times by lowering the temperature from 25 to 15 degrees C). These results are consistent with the Q10 values of myosin light chain phosphatases (Q10 = 5) and myosin light chain kinase (Q10 = 1.7) and further show that the smooth muscle type 1 phosphatases are responsible for the dephosphorylation of smooth muscle myosin in situ.

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