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J Clin Oncol. 1994 Feb;12(2):360-7.

Randomized study of vinorelbine and cisplatin versus vindesine and cisplatin versus vinorelbine alone in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: results of a European multicenter trial including 612 patients.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We designed a prospective randomized trial to compare vinorelbine and cisplatin (NVB-P) with vindesine and cisplatin (VDS-P) and to evaluate whether the best of these regimens affords a survival benefit compared with vinorelbine alone (NVB), an outpatient regimen, in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Forty-five centers included 612 patients in this study: 206 on NVB-P, 200 on VDS-P, and 206 on NVB. Vinorelbine was administered at a dose of 30 mg/m2 weekly, cisplatin at 120 mg/m2 on days 1 and 29 and then every 6 weeks, and vindesine at 3 mg/m2 weekly for 6 weeks and then every other week. Treatment was continued until progression or toxicity. Four percent of the patients entered were ineligible and 59% had metastatic disease.

RESULTS:

An objective response rate was observed in 30% of patients in the NVB-P arm versus 19% in the VDS-P arm (P = .02) and 14% in the NVB arm (P < .001). The median duration of survival was 40 weeks in the NVB-P arm, compared with 32 weeks in the VDS-P arm and 31 weeks in the NVB arm. Comparison of survival among the three groups demonstrated an advantage for NVB-P compared with VDS-P (P = .04) and NVB (P = .01). Neutropenia was significantly higher in the NVB-P group (P < .001), and neurotoxicity was more frequent with VDS-P (P < .004).

CONCLUSION:

Since our results have demonstrated that NVB-P yields a longer survival duration and a higher response rate than VDS-P or NVB alone, with acceptable toxicity, this combination should be considered a relevant regimen in advanced NSCLC.

Comment in

PMID:
8113844
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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