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Brain Res. 1993 Dec 3;629(2):269-74.

Effect of choline on basal and stimulated acetylcholine release: an in vivo microdialysis study using a low neostigmine concentration.

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  • 1Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.

Abstract

Using in vivo microdialysis, we examined the ability of choline (Ch) chloride (120 mg/kg i.p.) to amplify basal and stimulated acetylcholine (ACh) release from rat striatum in the presence of high (10(-5) M) and low (5 x 10(-8) M) neostigmine concentration. High concentrations might suppress ACh release, and thus Ch dependence, by excessively stimulating presynaptic cholinergic receptors; alternatively, they could enhance Ch dependence by depriving the cholinergic terminals of Ch that would otherwise be formed intrasynaptically from the hydrolysis of ACh. Both basal and stimulated ACh release were found to be tetrodotoxin (TTX) sensitive. The concentration of neostigmine in the microdialysis fluid positively affected basal ACh levels, but had no effect on Ch levels. Ch administration significantly increased ACh release (to 136% of basal values; P < 0.01) in the presence of the low neostigmine concentration, but failed to significantly increase ACh release following local electrical depolarization of striatal neurons. In contrast, Ch failed to affect basal ACh release in the presence of the high neostigmine concentration, but did increase electrically evoked release to 408% of basal values, as compared with 250% in rats receiving saline instead of the Ch (P < 0.05). Ch administration significantly increased microdialysate Ch levels in the presence of both of the neostigmine concentrations. Local administration of oxotremorine, a muscarinic agonist, to animals receiving the lower neostigmine concentration reduced basal ACh release and reduced the increase in basal release produced by Ch administration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
8111630
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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