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Drug Metab Dispos. 1993 Jul-Aug;21(4):587-97.

Chemical, enzymatic, and human enantioselective S-oxygenation of cimetidine.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco.

Abstract

The S-oxygenation of cimetidine was investigated using achiral chemical and chiral chemical and enzymatic S-oxygenation procedures. The products of the reactions were thoroughly characterized by spectral, chiroptical, chromatographic, and stereochemical correlation methods. S-Oxygenation by the Kagan method or in the presence of pig liver microsomes or pig liver flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) (form I) all gave essentially identical enantioselectivity: the average enantiomeric excess was -13.4% and the stereopreference was for formation of (+)-cimetidine S-oxide in a ratio of (+)56.7%:(-)43.3%. The profile of immunoreactivity and the effect of metabolism inhibitors on cimetidine S-oxide formation in the presence of pig liver microsomes were consistent with a role of FMO (form I) in enantioselective (+)-cimetidine S-oxide formation. Administration of cimetidine to seven healthy male volunteers provided pharmacokinetic parameters for cimetidine and cimetidine S-oxide that were typical of those for previously reported studies. The urinary cimetidine S-oxide was isolated and the stereopreference was for formation of (-)-cimetidine S-oxide in a ratio of (+)25.5%:(-)74.5%. In good agreement with the enantiomeric enrichment values observed for the adult human urinary metabolite, the relative configuration of cimetidine S-oxide formed in adult human liver microsomes was (+)-15.8%:(-)-84.2%. Because the enantioselectivity and profile of immunoreactivity and the effect of metabolism inhibitors on cimetidine S-oxygenation in adult human liver microsomes are consistent with a role of FMO (form II) in cimetidine S-oxide formation and because the enantioselectivity of cimetidine S-oxide observed in adult humans is similar, we conclude that in vivo, cimetidine is S-oxygenated principally by FMO (form II).

PMID:
8104117
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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