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Thromb Haemost. 1994 May;71(5):571-5.

Anti-glycoprotein Ib/IX and IIb/IIIa antibodies in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies.

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  • 1Department of Haematology, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy.


Antiphospholipid antibodies, namely lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin (aCL) type A and type B antibodies, are frequently associated with immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. Antiphospholipid antibodies have been suggested to bind to the phospholipids of the platelet membrane, thus participating to the process of platelet destruction, which leads to thrombocytopenia. However, a clear antiphospholipid (aPL) demonstration of such a role has never been given for antibodies. Conversely, autoantibodies directed against membrane-associated glycoproteins (GP) have been shown to be pathogenetically linked to the development of thrombocytopenia in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. For this reason, we have measured anti-GPIb/IX and GPIIb/IIIa IgG in the plasma of 68 patients with aPL antibodies by ELISA. The monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigen (MAIPA) assay was used. Twenty-seven out of 68 patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (40%) had increased plasma levels of anti-GP antibodies. In particular, 7 of them had elevated anti-GPIIb/IIIa levels only, 6 had anti-GPIb/IX antibodies only, whereas in the remaining 14 cases both types of autoantibodies were found elevated. The level of anti-GP antibodies in plasma did not correlate with age, sex, clinical associated conditions, history of thrombosis, IgG aCL titer or the presence of a phospholipid-dependent inhibitor of coagulation. In contrast, a statistically significant association between thrombocytopenia and high anti-GP antibody titer was observed (p = 0.0458). To establish whether there was cross-reactivity between antiphospholipid and anti-GP antibodies, adsorption experiments were performed using cardiolipin-containing liposomes or washed, normal, resting platelets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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