Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nature. 1994 Sep 29;371(6496):432-5.

XPG endonuclease makes the 3' incision in human DNA nucleotide excision repair.

Author information

  • 1Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Clare Hall Laboratories, South Mimms, Herts, UK.

Abstract

Humans with a defect in the XPG protein suffer from xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) resulting from an inability to perform DNA nucleotide excision repair properly. Here we show that XPG makes a structure-specific endonucleolytic incision in a synthetic DNA substrate containing a duplex region and single-stranded arms. One strand of the duplex is cleaved at the border with single-stranded DNA. A cut with the same polarity is also made in a bubble structure, at the 3' side of the centrally unpaired region. Normal cell extracts introduce a nick 3' to a platinum-DNA lesion, but an XP-G cell extract is defective in making this incision. These data show that XPG has a direct role in making one of the incisions required to excise a damaged oligonucleotide, by cleaving 3' to DNA damage during nucleotide excision repair.

Comment in

PMID:
8090225
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk