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J Biol Chem. 1994 Sep 23;269(38):23830-7.

Human GMP synthetase. Protein purification, cloning, and functional expression of cDNA.

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  • 1Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Syntex Discovery Research, Palo Alto, California 94303.


GMP synthetase is a key enzyme in the de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides. Human GMP synthetase has been purified to homogeneity, and a cDNA encoding the enzyme has been isolated from the T-lymphoblastoma cell line, A3.01. The open reading frame encodes a protein of 693 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 76,725. The cDNA complements a guaA mutant of Escherichia coli, which lacks a functional GMP synthetase and extracts from the transformed E. coli exhibit GMP synthetase activity, which is absent in the parental strain. RNA hybridization analysis shows that human GMP synthetase is encoded by a single 2.4-kilobase message. DNA hybridization analysis suggests that the human GMP synthetase is encoded by one gene. In several human cell lines, the level of mRNA expression is substantially higher in proliferating, transformed cells than in nontransformed cells. In two transformed cell lines, treatment with phorbol ester inhibits proliferation and results in a dramatic down-regulation in the levels of GMP synthetase mRNA and protein.

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