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J Biol Chem. 1994 Sep 23;269(38):23518-23.

Proton conduction and bafilomycin binding by the V0 domain of the coated vesicle V-ATPase.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that the V0 domain of the coated vesicle V-ATPase, a 250-kDa integral complex, does not form a functional proton channel (Zhang, J., Myers, M., and Forgac, M. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 9773-9778). In the present study we describe dissociation of the V0 complex and separation of the V0 subunits by gel filtration. Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-inhibitable passive proton conductance of reconstituted vesicles containing reassembled V0 subunits was measured in response to a K+/valinomycin-generated membrane potential. We observed that reconstituted vesicles containing the 17/19-kDa subunits carried out passive proton transport, with the addition of the 38- and 100-kDa subunits increasing proton conductance. Reconstituted vesicles containing the 38- and/or 100-kDa subunits showed no proton transport. Partial separation of the 17- and 19-kDa subunits revealed that the 17-kDa subunit alone carried out proton transport, with increased conductance on the addition of the 19-kDa subunit. These results indicate that the V0 domain possesses the information necessary to form a dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-inhibitable passive proton channel. Bafilomycin binding by native and reassembled V0 complexes was also measured by their ability to protect V-ATPase activity against bafilomycin inhibition. The native V0 domain, the isolated 100-kDa subunit and the 100/38-kDa subunits were able to protect against inhibition by bafilomycin, suggesting that the binding site for bafilomycin resides on the 100-kDa subunit.

PMID:
8089118
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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