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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1994 Jul-Aug;33(6):858-68.

Reduced brain metabolism in hyperactive girls.

Author information

  • 1Section on Clinical Brain Imaging, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study assesses the effect of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gender on cerebral glucose metabolism (CMRglu), using positron emission tomography and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose.

METHOD:

Nineteen normal (6 females; 14.3 +/- 1.3 years old) and 20 ADHD adolescents (5 females; 14.7 +/- 1.6 years old) participated in the study. An auditory continuous performance task was used during the 30-minute uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose.

RESULTS:

There were no statistically significant differences in global or regional CMRglu between ADHD (N = 20) and normal (N = 19) adolescents. However, the global CMRglu in ADHD girls (N = 5) was 15.0% lower than in normal girls (N = 6) (p = .04), while global CMRglu in ADHD boys was not different than in normal boys. Furthermore, global CMRglu in ADHD girls was 19.6% lower than in ADHD boys (p = .02) and was not different between normal girls and normal boys. Clinical rating scales did not differentiate ADHD girls from ADHD boys, nor normal girls from normal boys.

CONCLUSIONS:

The greater brain metabolism abnormalities in females than males strongly stress that more attention be given to the study of girls with ADHD.

PMID:
8083143
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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