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Microbiol Immunol. 1994;38(3):171-5.

A function of 40 kDa outer membrane protein in Serratia marcescens.

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  • 1Department of Bacteriology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.


The function of one of the outer membrane proteins of Serratia marcescens was investigated. S. marcescens with an abundant 40 kDa outer membrane protein was induced to form spheroplast at a high rate in an isotonic medium in the presence of calcium, although the spheroplasts were generally fragile in the isotonic environment. The degree of spheroplast induction was correlated to the amount of the 40 kDa protein present in the membrane. In the 40 kDa proteinless mutant strains, the spheroplast induction rate was remarkably decreased. Autoradiography of the outer membrane revealed the presence of a calcium-binding protein as a radioactive band whose position coincided with the 40 kDa protein. These results suggest that the 40 kDa protein has an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of the cell wall against osmotic shock.

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