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Free Radic Biol Med. 1994 Jun;16(6):839-43.

Effects of reactive oxygen metabolites on norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport 71130-3932.


Aortic rings, 4 mm in length, were obtained from rats and placed on isometric force transducers in oxygenated Krebs buffer. Following a period of stabilization, the cumulative dose response relationship to norepinephrine was assessed. The vessels were washed and allowed to return to baseline in Krebs buffer containing xanthine (0.5 mM). Xanthine oxidase (0.1 U/ml) was then added to the bath and vessels incubated for 30 min. The vessels were resuspended in Krebs buffer and cumulative dose-response curves to norepinephrine reevaluated. The results indicate that generation of reactive oxygen metabolites by xanthine/xanthine oxidase decreases the pD2 from 7.80 +/- 0.04 to 7.40 +/- 0.09 with the endothelium intact. Removal of the endothelium did not attenuate the contractile dysfunction, indicating that endothelial-derived metabolites were not mediating the loss of vasoconstrictor effectiveness. Maximal tension development did not differ between normal and oxidized vessel rings. Introduction of oxypurinol (0.2 mg/ml) to the bath prevented the loss of constrictor responsiveness, thereby confirming that all of the oxidants were derived from the xanthine/xanthine oxidase reaction. Superoxide dismutase (200 U/ml) partially prevented the loss of norepinephrine responsiveness produced by xanthine oxidase-derived radicals. The pD2 in the SOD + xanthine/xanthine oxidase-treated vessels rings (7.19 +/- 0.11) was significantly lower than control vessel rings (7.49 +/- 0.04) and significantly higher than xanthine/xanthine oxidase-treated vessels (6.89 +/- 0.06). Catalase (1000 U/ml) also partially attenuated the loss of vascular norepinephrine responsiveness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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