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J Nutr. 1994 Aug;124(8 Suppl):1467S-1472S.

Hypovitaminosis A: international programmatic issues.

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  • 1Food and Nutrition Division, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.


The virtual elimination of vitamin A deficiency and all its consequences is high on the political agenda as a solvable public health problem by the end of the decade. Five to six times more children in the developing world are likely to be subclinically than clinically deficient. Subclinical deficiency can be detected by newer methodological approaches. Subclinically deficient children are at increased risk of severe and fatal infections. The problem at a population level is avoidable by the appropriate selection and application of a mix of available interventions. Countries are challenged to assess, analyze and take actions to incorporate nutrition concerns into development planning to attain end-of-decade goals.

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