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Exp Cell Res. 1994 Aug;213(2):348-58.

Tissue distribution of ERp61 and association of its increased expression with IgG production in hybridoma cells.

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  • 1Second Department of Pathology, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


A protein of molecular weight 60 kDa was purified from the culture medium of a murine colon carcinoma cell line, colon26, and its partial amino-acid sequence determined. Extremely high homology was found with the deduced sequence from cDNA of rat ERp61, earlier found to be an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein with redox activity and a similar structure to protein disulfide isomerase (PDI). Western blotting analysis showed that colon26 cells secrete a significant amount of ERp61 into culture medium, although most remains intracellular. The thiol:protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity of the purified mouse ERp61 was demonstrated by insulin-reduction assay. The ER location of the protein in fibroblasts was immunocytochemically confirmed by double staining for ERp61 and another ER-resident protein, PDI or Hsp47. Immunohistochemical studies of murine tissues showed a ubiquitous distribution of ERp61 in a wide variety of cell types. However, it was particularly abundant in plasma cells, mucus-secreting cells in various tissues, neuroendocrine cells including neurons, and follicular epithelia of thyroid gland that actively synthesize and secrete proteins containing cysteine residues. Furthermore, a high correlation was observed between intracellular amounts of ERp61 and immunoglobulin production by hybridoma cells. These results indicate that ERp61 may be involved in disulfide bond formation for such proteins.

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