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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jul 19;91(15):6943-7.

Two highly homologous members of the ClC chloride channel family in both rat and human kidney.

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  • 1Centre for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH), Hamburg University, Germany.


We have cloned two closely related putative Cl- channels from both rat kidney (designated rClC-K1 and rClC-K2) and human kidney (hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb) by sequence homology to the ClC family of voltage-gated Cl- channels. While rClC-K1 is nearly identical to ClC-K1, a channel recently isolated by a similar strategy, rClC-K2 is 80% identical to rClC-K1 and is encoded by a different gene. hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb show approximately 90% identity, while being approximately 80% identical to the rat proteins. All ClC-K gene products are expressed predominantly in the kidney. While rClC-K1 is expressed strongly in the cortical thick ascending limb and the distal convoluted tubule, with minor expression in the S3 segment of the proximal tubule and the cortical collecting tubule, rClC-K2 is expressed in all segments of the nephron examined, including the glomerulus. Since they are related more closely to each other than to the rat proteins, hClC-Ka and hClC-Kb cannot be regarded as strict homologs of rClC-K1 or rClC-K2. After injection of ClC-K cRNAs into oocytes, corresponding proteins were made and glycosylated, though no additional Cl- currents were detectable. Glycosylation occurs between domains D8 and D9, leading to a revision of the transmembrane topology model for ClC channels.

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