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Indian Pediatr. 1993 Nov;30(11):1309-14.

Impact of nutrition education and medical supervision on pregnancy outcome.

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  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.


Sixty Punjabi women from low and lower middle income groups were selected from eight villages of Ludhiana district. The supplements of iron, folic acid and calcium in the form of Folifer and Calcium Sandoz tablets were regularly supplied to experimental (E) group from second trimester onwards. A pamphlet about the diet during pregnancy was distributed to the E group along with four individual and three group contacts during the second half of pregnancy. The control (C) group was provided iron and folate supplements as per Government practice. Body height, weight, mid-upper arm circumference (MUA) and skinfold thickness of the subjects were recorded. Weight gained during pregnancy and post partum weight were also recorded and body mass index was calculated. In addition, crown heel length (CHL), birth weight (BW), skinfold thickness, MUA, head circumference (HC), Chest circumference (CC) and ponderal index (PI) of the neonates were recorded within eight hours of their birth. The gain in weight during pregnancy was 6.30 and 5.7 kg in E and C groups respectively. The study revealed that BW, CHL, skinfold thickness and PI of the newborns were significantly (p < 0.01) higher in E group. The mean BW of newborns in E and C groups was 2700 g and 2300 g, respectively. Weight gained during pregnancy had significant (p < 0.05) correlation to MUA, BW and skinfold thickness of the newborn.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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