Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nature. 1994 Jul 28;370(6487):309-11.

Transcriptional repression directed by the yeast alpha 2 protein in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94143-448.


The alpha 2 protein, a homeodomain protein involved in specifying cell type in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is a transcriptional repressor. alpha 2 binds cooperatively with Mcm1, a serum response factor-related protein, to the a-specific gene operator. The alpha 2-Mcm1 complex in turn recruits Ssn6 and Tup1 to the operator, and we believe that these latter two proteins are responsible for the transcriptional repression. Placement of the a-specific gene operator in any of a variety of positions upstream of a test promoter leads to repression of that promoter in vivo. In this respect, the a-specific gene operator resembles a negatively acting enhancer. Here we describe the in vitro reconstitution of this example of negative control from a distance. We observe repression in vitro in the absence of exogenously added activator protein and on templates that lack binding sites for known activator proteins, and we infer that alpha 2-directed repression acts on the general transcription machinery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk