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J Consult Clin Psychol. 1994 Feb;62(1):141-6.

Cognitive-behavioral intervention increases abstinence rates for depressive-history smokers.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco.


This article describes the test of the hypothesis that a cognitive-behavioral mood management intervention would be effective for smokers with a history of major depressive disorder (MDD). The method was randomized trial; the assessments occurred at Weeks 0, 8, 12, 26, and 52. Ss were 149 smokers; 31% had a history of MDD. All received 2 mg of nicotine gum. Mood management was provided in 10 group sessions over 8 weeks. Standard treatment was provided in 5 group sessions over 8 weeks. Outcome was continuous abstinence. History-positive Ss were more likely to be abstinent when treated with mood management. Treatment condition differences were not significant for history-negative Ss. For history-positive Ss, less anger at baseline predicted abstinence. For history-negative Ss, more years smoked and higher baseline carbon monoxide (CO) predicted abstinence. Cognitive-behavioral therapy did not affect mood after quitting. Abstinence predictors differed as a function of baseline diagnosis.

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