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Plant Physiol. 1994 May;105(1):205-13.

Purification and characterization of glutathione reductase isozymes specific for the state of cold hardiness of red spruce.

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  • 1Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology and Weed Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061.


Isozymes of glutathione reductase (GR) have been purified from red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) needles. Two isozymes could be separated by anion-exchange chromatography from both nonhardened or cold-hardened tissue. Based on chromatographic elution profiles, the isozymes were designated GR-1NH and GR-2NH in preparations from nonhardened needles, and GR-1H and GR-2H in preparations from hardened needles. N-terminal sequencing and immunological data with antisera obtained against GR-1H and GR-2H established that the isozymes from hardened needles are different gene products and show significant structural differences from each other. Chromatographic, electrophoretic, and immunological data revealed only minor differences between GR-2NH and GR-2H, and it is concluded that these isozymes are very similar or identical. Anion-exchange chromatography and native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis also established that GR-1NH and GR-1H are different proteins. From these data we conclude that GR-1H is a distinct gene product, present only in hardened needles. Therefore, GR-1H can be considered to be a cold-hardiness-specific GR isozyme, and GR-1NH can be considered to be specific for nonhardened needles. It is proposed that GR-1H is a cold-acclimation protein.

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