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J Am Coll Surg. 1994 Jul;179(1):21-4.

Management of ureteral stenosis after renal transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.



Ureteral stenosis is the most common urologic complication of renal transplantation. Preferred management options for this complication vary among centers. Ureteral stenosis occurred in 24 (3.4 percent) of 692 consecutive renal transplants. The diagnosis was confirmed by antegrade pyelography after ultrasonography in all instances. An attempt was made to treat all patients by percutaneous stenting, usually with dilatation of the ureter, which was possible in 21 patients. In three patients, a wire could not be passed across the stricture and these patients were treated surgically.


The patients were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 (14 patients) presented within three months from the date of transplantation and patients in group 2 (seven patients) presented after three months.


The site of stenosis was the ureterovesical junction in 80 percent of the patients and the uretero-pelvic junction in 20 percent. Urinary tract infection occurred in 70 percent of the patients in group 1 and 100 percent of patients in group 2. The success rate of percutaneous stenting was 71 percent (ten of 14 patients) in group 1, but only 29 percent (two of seven patients) in group 2. The failures were treated by repeated stenting (one patient in each group) or by operation. One allograft (7 percent) was lost in group 1 and two (28 percent) were lost in group 2. The average follow-up period was 38 months in group 1 and 56 months in group 2. There was no mortality in this series.


Ureteral stenosis in the early postrenal transplant period can be safely and effectively treated by percutaneous dilatation and stenting, with few side effects and long-term success. This method is specially efficacious in patients who present within three months from the time of their transplant. In patients who have ureteric strictures developing after three months from transplantation, percutaneous stenting is of limited value and most patients require surgical correction.

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