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Am J Vet Res. 1994 Apr;55(4):458-64.

Use of a conductance catheter to assess the effect of endotoxemia on left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relationships in anesthetized swine.

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  • Department of Anatomy, Physiological Sciences, and Radiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27606.


Effects of endotoxemia on left ventricular contractility and systemic hemodynamics were determined in pentobarbital-anesthetized swine. A multielectrode conductance (volume) catheter and a high-fidelity pressure transducer catheter were passed retrograde into the left ventricle to continuously measure pressure and volume. End-systolic pressure-volume relationships were determined during transient (8 to 10 s) caudal vena caval balloon occlusion. Lactated Ringer's solution was administered at a rate sufficient to maintain left ventricular end-diastolic pressure > or = 6 mm of Hg. Following baseline measurements, Escherichia coli endotoxin (O55-B5) was infused IV at 2.5 micrograms/kg of body weight/h for 3 hours. Left ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees), the slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship; end-systolic elastance normalized for left ventricular end-diastolic volume (Ees norm); the rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt max); and preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW, stroke work-to-end-diastolic volume relationship) did not change in endotoxemic swine, compared with baseline measurements or with values from control (physiologic saline solution-treated) swine. Left ventricular pressures and volumes had marked pig-to-pig variability in the control and endotoxin-treated groups. Determination of Ees, Ees norm, and PRSW was further confounded by development of frequent premature ventricular contractions during caudal vena caval balloon occlusion. Endotoxin significantly (P < 0.05) decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, compared with that in control swine, and significantly (P < 0.01) decreased left ventricular end-diastolic volume, compared with baseline. Endotoxin decreased cardiac index and arterial blood pressure, whereas heart rate, central venous pressure, and mean pulmonary arterial pressure increased.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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