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Mod Pathol. 1994 Feb;7(2):220-5.

Prognosis of gastric carcinoma revealed by interactions between tumor cells and basement membrane.

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  • 1Pathology Institute, Medical School of Bologna, Italy.


The extra-cellular matrix (ECM) related antigens, type IV collagen, laminin, M(r) 68,000 laminin receptor (LR), M(r) 72,000 type IV collagenase (MMP-2), its inhibitor TIMP-2, and alpha 2-macroglobulin expression have been immunohistochemically investigated in 100 cases of human gastric carcinoma with a 5-yr follow up. Basement membranes were inversely related to tumoral differentiation. At the early intramucosal stage of both intestinal and diffuse histological types, TIMP-2 was expressed by the majority of tumor cells (60/63%), whereas MMP-2+ and LR+ cells were in the minority (24/19%, 23/0%, respectively). At the early submucosal stage, TIMP-2+ cells moderately decreased in both histological types (49/49%), whereas a consistently higher number of both MMP-2+ and LR+ cells were detected only in the diffuse carcinomas (72%). In the advanced stage, the expression of TIMP-2 further declined (22/24%), although the other two antigens increased or maintained high levels of expression. AMG+ cells never exceeded 10% in either histological type at any stage. In the liver metastases, both MMP-2+ and LR+ cells were more numerous than in the primary tumor (P < 0.002 and P < 0.01). Patients who died from their primary tumor had higher percentages of LR+, MMP-2+, and AMG+ cells and lower percentages of TIMP-2+ cells with respect to survivors. We believe evaluation of ECM-related antigens, and especially TIMP-2, may help determine a confident prognosis for gastric cancer.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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