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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Feb;3(2):257-63.

Identification of a gene from Xp21 with similarity to the tctex-1 gene of the murine t complex.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Long range physical mapping within the p21 region of the X chromosome identified a CpG rich island approximately 180 kb centromeric to the chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) locus. The segments adjacent to the CpG island hybridized to discrete bands in DNAs of several species and when used to screen retinal cDNA libraries led to the identification of cDNAs that detected a mRNA of 2.1 kb in many tissues. Molecular characterization of corresponding genomic clones of this novel human gene confirmed the origin of the cDNA clones and indicated a genomic structure with five exons spanning a total of 9 kb. The complete cDNA sequence revealed that this gene contained a putative open reading frame of 116 amino acids with a 3' untranslated region of 1.74 kb. The amino acid sequence shows a high degree of similarity to the predicted product of the tctex-1 gene of the mouse t complex. As linkage studies and patients with deletions have implicated the Xp21 region as containing the retinitis pigmentosa defect (RP3), the gene was assessed as a candidate disease gene in RP3 families. A single base pair polymorphism was identified within the coding region but no disease associated changes were found by single strand conformational polymorphism and sequencing analysis of amplified exons of 20 RP patients. Analysis of a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism within this gene in families affected with RP3 suggested refinement of the RP3 region.

PMID:
8004092
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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