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Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Feb;3(2):247-52.

Molecular and phenotypic mapping of the short arm of chromosome 5: sublocalization of the critical region for the cri-du-chat syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107.


Forty-nine individuals have been identified with deletions or translocations involving the short arm of chromosome 5. While most display the classical phenotype of the cri-du-chat syndrome, several of the patients do not have the syndrome or have only a subset of the clinical features. Somatic cell hybrids containing the deleted chromosome 5 were derived from each patient. Each somatic cell hybrid was analyzed at the DNA level using 136 chromosome 5p-specific DNA fragments. It was possible to unambiguously order most of the chromosomal breakpoints present in the somatic cell hybrids based on the hybridization patterns of Southern blots. Further comparisons between the deletions present in the patients and their clinical features identified several chromosomal regions that were involved in specific clinical features. A critical chromosomal region involved the high-pitched cry mapped to 5p15.3, while the chromosomal region involved in the remaining features of the cri-du-chat syndrome mapped to a small region within 5p15.2. Deletions that did not include these two chromosomal regions presented varying clinical phenotypes from severe mental retardation and microcephaly to a clinically normal phenotype. These results demonstrate the need for careful characterization of a 5p deletion in prenatal cases before clinical predictions are made.

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