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Free Radic Biol Med. 1994 Oct;17(4):285-95.

Linoleic acid hydroperoxide-induced peroxidation of endothelial cell phospholipids and cytotoxicity.

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  • 1University of Southern California, Department of Molecular Pharmacology & Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles 90033.


Peroxidation of endothelial cell phospholipids was examined following treatments with linoleic acid hydroperoxide. The treatment effects were analyzed over a range of toxicities and exposure intervals as determined by cell plating efficiencies and survival. Over the concentration ranges where lipid peroxidation was evident (20-40 microM treatments in complete medium), significant cytotoxicity was apparent after 1 h of exposure. The extent of toxicity was dependent on the time interval between the end of peroxide treatment and replating of cells. Maximum toxicity was found when cells were replated 1-3 h after treatment. When cells were replated 4 h after treatment a linear increase in cell survival was found as a function of replating time following peroxide exposure. Analysis of cell phospholipids by HPLC after 1 h of exposure to linoleic acid hydroperoxide revealed that peroxidation (evidenced by conjugated diene content) had taken place among a number of phospholipid species with the most marked increases in phosphatidylcholine. Analysis of the fatty acyl composition of phospholipids also showed that the proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids were reduced relative to saturated fatty acids, indicating peroxidative damage to phospholipids. Pretreatment of cells with vitamin E prevented the peroxidation of all phospholipids and blocked the cytotoxic action of linoleic acid hydroperoxide. These findings indicate that an immediate cytotoxic action of lipid hydroperoxide is associated with peroxidation of membrane phospholipids. This cytotoxicity is a transient effect, and cells surviving the acute injury display a time-dependent increase in plating efficiency representing a period of repair.

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