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Radiology. 1995 Jan;194(1):55-9.

Trabecular texture analysis of CT images in the relationship with spinal fracture.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate age-related changes in trabecular texture and bone mineral density (BMD) and to determine the usefulness of texture analysis in the assessment of the risk of fracture.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The vertebral trabecular BMD was measured in 209 women aged 18-86 years. Run length analysis was applied to computed tomographic images obtained with 2-mm section thickness. The width of the trabecula (T-texture) and the width of the intertrabecular space (I-texture) were calculated.

RESULTS:

I-texture significantly increased with age in women 50 years of age or older (P < .0001). Women with fracture had significantly lower BMD (P < .0001 at 60-69 years, P < .05 at 70-79 years) and significantly higher I-texture (P < .05 at 60-69 years, P < .01 at 70-79 years). For fracture risk, BMD had the highest sensitivity and I-texture had the highest specificity in women aged 60-69 years; I-texture had the highest sensitivity and specificity in women aged 70-79 years.

CONCLUSION:

Texture analysis was helpful in the assessment of fracture risk, especially in elderly women.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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