Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1994 Dec 15;153(12):5525-36.

Novel allele-specific, post-translational reduction in HLA class I surface expression in a mutant human B cell line.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.


Human B cell line .220 has a novel defect in HLA class I cell surface expression. Mutant .220 was derived from .184TGr, from which both copies of HLA-A and -B are deleted, and has less surface HLA-C than .184TGr. Transfer of class I genes into .220 revealed allele-specific reductions in surface expression: HLA-A1 and -B8 were 1 to 21% of normal; HLA-A11, -A24, and -B5 were moderately reduced; and HLA-A2, -A3, and -B7 were reduced little, if at all. Class I mRNA in .220(A1) and .220(B8) transferents is normal in size and at least normal in quantity. Surface expression of class I molecules was restored by fusing .220 transferents with mutant .174, which lacks the TAP-1 and -2 genes needed for transport of class I-binding peptides. Fusion of .220(A1) cells with beta 2-microglobulin-deficient Daudi cells also fully restored surface expression of class I molecules encoded by both parental cells, indicating beta 2-microglobulin is functional in .220. Pulse-chase experiments showed transgene-encoded HLA-A1 and -B8 alpha-chains are made in apparently normal amounts and associate with beta 2-microglobulin in .220. However, post-translational processing of the HLA-A1 and -B8 molecules is retarded in or before the Golgi apparatus, and immunoprecipitable HLA-A1 molecules disappear after their synthesis. The effects of these abnormalities on surface expression of class I molecules were reversed by incubating .220(A1) and .220(B8) cells at 21 degrees C, which greatly increased the amounts of cell surface HLA-A1 and -B8.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk