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J Affect Disord. 1994 Aug;31(4):275-80.

Mood congruent and incongruent psychotic depressions: are they the same?

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  • 1Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City.


DSM-III and DSM-III-R instruct the clinician, if possible, to classify major depression with psychotic features into either the mood congruent (MC) or mood incongruent (MI) subtype. Patients hospitalized on a psychiatric unit for major depression with psychotic features were classified as predominantly MC or MI. The MC and MI groups did not differ significantly on a number of demographic or symptom severity variables. Thirteen (50%) MI patients experienced at least one MC symptom and 10 (71%) MC patients experienced at least one MI symptom. Overall, 25 (58%) of these patients experienced both MC and MI symptoms. This study demonstrates that subtyping psychotic depression into MC and MI subtypes is seldom an 'either-or' decision. Indeed, these results combined with findings from previous research suggests that there is no compelling scientific evidence for subclassifying psychotic depression into subtypes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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