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AIDS. 1994 Aug;8(8):1115-7.

Successful treatment of varicella zoster virus meningoencephalitis in patients with AIDS: report of four cases and review.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California/Mount Zion Medical Center, San Francisco.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Neurologic complications are common in patients with AIDS. Herpes zoster is a common early manifestation of HIV infection, but there have been few reports of encephalitic complications and nearly all have been postmortem. We report four cases of varicella zoster virus (VZV) meningoencephalitis diagnosed and treated antemortem, and briefly review the relevant literature.

SETTING:

Mount Zion Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA.

PATIENTS:

Four HIV-positive male patients with antibodies to VZV in their cerebrospinal fluid.

INTERVENTION:

Treatment with intravenous acyclovir (three cases) and intravenous ganciclovir (one case), which resulted in resolution of all symptoms except blindness in one patient.

CONCLUSION:

Antibodies to VZV in the cerebrospinal fluid of HIV-positive individuals may allow early diagnosis and lifesaving treatment of VZV meningoencephalitis.

PMID:
7986408
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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