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J Biol Chem. 1994 Dec 2;269(48):30517-23.

The delta-subunit of murine guanine nucleotide exchange factor eIF-2B. Characterization of cDNAs predicts isoforms differing at the amino-terminal end.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


Protein synthesis in mammalian cells is regulated at the level of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor, eIF-2B, which catalyzes the exchange of eukaryotic initiation factor 2-bound GDP for GTP. We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones encoding the delta-subunit of murine eIF-2B. The cDNA sequence encodes a polypeptide of 544 amino acids with molecular mass of 60 kDa. Antibodies against a synthetic polypeptide of 30 amino acids deduced from the cDNA sequence specifically react with the delta-subunit of mammalian eIF-2B. The cDNA-derived amino acid sequence shows significant homology with the yeast translational regulator Gcd2, supporting the hypothesis that Gcd2 may be the yeast homolog of the delta-subunit of mammalian eIF-2B. Primer extension studies and anchor polymerase chain reaction analysis were performed to determine the 5'-end of the transcript for the delta-subunit of eIF-2B. Results of these experiments demonstrate two different mRNAs for the delta-subunit of eIF-2B in murine cells. The isolation and characterization of two different full-length cDNAs also predicts the presence of two alternate forms of the delta-subunit of eIF-2B in murine cells. These differ at their amino-terminal end but have identical nucleotide sequences coding for amino acids 31-544.

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